Chemical Solutions

Corrosion Inhibitors: 

  • Amines: Various amines and amine blends are tailored to coat the steel surfaces and protect against the identified contaminants. 
  • Iron Chelators: Iron chelators sequester free iron and prevent the formation iron oxidation and subsequent corrosion. 

Scale Inhibitors: 

  • Phosphonates: Phosphonate-based inhibitors attach to newly formed scales to prevent deposition by dispersion. 
  • Polymers: Low molecular weight polymers sequester newly formed scales and prevent deposition via dispersion. 
  • Phosphonate/polymer blends: 
  • Amines: Amines coat surfaces and prevent adhesion of scale particles. 
  • Amine/Phosphonate blends: 

Scale Dissolvers: 

  • Alkaline Dissolvers: Alkaline dissolvers are high pH solutions that chelate the cation portion of the scale molecule and render it into a soluble state. Alkaline dissolvers are highly effective at removing barium variants, strontium variants and calcium variants of scale deposits. 
  • Acid Dissolvers: Acid dissolvers are highly effective on Calcium scale variants by reducing the Calcium scale into the soluble conjugate calcium salt of the acid used. 

Salt Inhibitors: 

  • Crystalline modifiers: Crystal modifiers work through adsorption to the salt ions and change the naturally crystalline structure of salts into random, dendritic structures that will not readily form blocking aggregates. 

Water Clarifiers: 

  • Emulsion breakers: Emulsion breakers designed for clarifying water are typically metal acids that will break water-in-oil emulsions prior to the water entering a separator. 
  • Flocculants: Flocculants are either anionic, cationic, polyanionic or amphoteric polymers that attach to solids and form aggregates that are easily separated from the water phase. 

Paraffin Inhibitors: 

  • Crystal Modifiers: Crystal modifiers are polymeric compounds with similar structures to paraffin waxes. When they combine with wax molecules, they disrupt the formation of the crystalline wax structure and impart a “less sticky” property to the wax conglomerate. 

Paraffin Dispersants: 

  • Paraffin dispersants are lipophilic surfactants that work by chemically changing the polarity of the wax hydrocarbon chain and disrupt the ability of wax molecules to coalesce and form sticky aggregates. 

Paraffin Solvents: 

  • Paraffin solvents are light end hydrocarbons that are not removed in the gas separation phase and thus render the crude oil more soluble to paraffin and keep the wax in a soluble state. 

Glacial Acidic Acid Solvents:

  •  Glacial Acidic Acid-based solvents use varying concentrations of dilute Glacial Acidic Acid to prevent the formation of wax crystals. 

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